What is cloud computing?

Cloud computing is a generic term. It has wider meaning attached to it. In science, cloud computing is mini servers which enable all connected user to run a specific program or app or software at the same time. In this way, the client, as well as server conditions, stay as usual.

In layman’s language cloud computing is different from that of science and technological language.

It is a common type of network related software running on same capable compatible hardware in different computers connected through the internet with different operating system and devices, run through the virtualized environment of different specialized apps in different devices be it the smartphone or laptop replacements.

In the way, virtualized software from real hardware machines is transmitted to different real machines in the same format. The distance between the real server and the real client is acquired by virtualized applications and with it, both online and offline cloud computing begins to come to light.

The middle path which is acquired by such virtual servers and applications do not take any space. As we know, in order to run the server, you need big physical space, people, and attendance as well as back up electricity and servers.

Due to cloud computing, such servers remain in the cloud, which means in the side of the virtual environment, which can be moved to a different environment or can be scaled down and up according to your requirements and convenient of situations.

So, big servers are not inside of any such physical locations, arguably, they can be moved here and there just like a cloud in the sky with a lot of conveniences and this shows the name cloud as a result of this trait of the virtual orientation of servers.

There are three major immediate benefits of using cloud computing. It is economic as the physical server is out of the question. It gives coherence and networking among employees of the same organization. If you are on Wi-Fi enabled whether direct or shared network, the virtual server can touch real-time speed.

It is converging entire infrastructure of information technology into one segment and makes shared computing easier and smarter. With cloud resource, the entire shared computing environment can be customized according to personal demand and need.

It controls each and every computing structure and can detect and distribute up and downtime of each segment. It can give administrative powers to some sections of shared resources as well as the standard power to the rest.

In a normal physical server distributed network, the shared resources stay as shared forever and in order to change the status, the executive seat arrangements need to be interchanged.

In order to understand it clearly, take a look at how Google server works for different continents. The Gmail service of Google, in North America, works at peak time when the same server works as the non-peak time for Asian continent due to time difference factors.

So, there is no need for two separate servers in this case for these two continents, as the uptime of both continents differs from one another and for this with cloud computing at its best, Google invoke the shared computing and users of both the continents are securely working their emails from the same server at different time zones.

Similarly, Google also employs its second cloud computing shared servers to Europe as well as South America, due to opposite time zones of both the continents. In this way, Google has maximized the use of computing resources of its servers as well as the use of electricity and rack place.

With the advent of the modern concept of shared computing maximization of servers gives way to a perfect place for the advent of green and environment-friendly computing. It is a moving away from the traditional form of organizational computing where you have to pay for the annual maintenance contract as well as for wear and tears and other pilferages losses.

With modern concept of shared computing business can use server resources during peak business hours and then during close office hours servers can be turned off but all the data and essential information contents inside of it stays as usual without any distortions and loss.
Information technology department of any business has to face a lot of changing demands from within and outside of organization, as analysts believe with fully structured use of cloud computing, processing of applications and other organizational matters gains a significant speed than the conventional form of in house local server system. Cloud computing reduces maintenance costs in huge proportions and it gives more time to employees to work on a nice and speedy server architecture. Cloud computing enabled IT infrastructure of business organization becomes a service platform. It is based on different capable hosted services such as “software as service”, “platform as service”, “hardware as service” and “everything as service”. In cloud computing term “as service” meant for cloud servers in specific sphere of business architecture.
Organization opt for software as service and all the software are hosted in cloud, similarly in the case of application as service, important applications run on cloud storages, in some cases, organization prefer some specific department to be fully in cloud and some basic works needs to be done manually like checking and dispatching of circulars. In this way they opt for platform as cloud option. There are some organizations especially the e-commerce websites wants to deal everything in cloud and for them cloud serves as everything as service. End users who are seating at office can access these hosted services through specialized client software or with modern smart phones which have “push services” enabled with it or with some modern web browser with intranet facility.
Here one example of “software as service”. Drop box the pioneer in cloud hosting service gives the user the facility of software as service for free. The user can get more than 50 GB of free cloud hosting service facility of software through various clients. Here clients can range from desktop computer, laptop replacement, android smart phone devices with push notification switched on, or notebooks. It is a file hosting service and it gives users ability to upload through client software, on access synchronization of documents across all platforms connected to drop box client and client software. It gives user a personalized cloud space from which the same account holders can access the information from different platforms such as computers, mobiles or from web browser. It gives software as service, due to its on access synchronization (always on) all the files are updated regularly across multiple devices.
It is a freemium (free and premium)business model in which users are allowed to have a free space and free to use with premium users have more cloud storages and more speed of upload and downloading of files. Now all of yours images and videos as data center is converted into information technology as service partners. Drop box is restricting users to upload images via its web but there is no restriction of uploading images via desktop client. This shows that it wants user to use it as a service enabled cloud device instead of application enabled cloud devices. Drop box introduces LAN sync, which is a new concept in cloud computing as a service. Files can be accessed in similar devices which are running with LAN, and synchronizes across. The benefit of LAN syn is its speed with which it uploads and downloads the files and the preview of files while the device is in offline mode. It is a comprehensive and simplifies ied overview of cloud computing which leads to most comprehensive management capabilities. In simple way with drop box file sharing hosting, you get compute to modify files, hosting for different capable platforms and networking facility for real time job management.
These three resource matching (compute, hosting, network) can be automated, semi automated or manual. This it produces increase economic leverage due to parallel computing practices. The demand of resources are nearly curtailed down according to demand in order to allow more integrated value chain system among information technology enabled devices. With the introduction of LAN sync in Drop box as well as with Windows Sky drive, Samsung links can be integrated within it through specialized folder seating inside drop box or sky drive cloud storages. Then, Samsung Link through cloud retrieves information from there and store at a unified LAN storage which is platform independent. It gives choice, flexibility and control to manage data online as well as offline. With the introduction of LAN sync cloud computing is now touching offline account activity. Thus, in this manner, organization can create a private cloud, public cloud or LAN cloud to suit their job requirements.
Here, is an example, how LAN synchronization works brilliantly on a cloud based device storage service. Take a look an android smart phone of Samsung. User will get storage capacity of 50 GB of drop box storage once they install drop box client on desktop or laptop replacement. Samsung has one native LAN application which is installed on its smart phones. It cannot be uninstalled from its setting. Samsung link gives you 35GB storage space. After starting “Samsung Link” which is LAN synchronization cloud applications for all Samsung products, first thing one has to do is to register storage with “Samsung Link”. It is easy, from right menu select “Register Storage” and from there you have three options. The first one is “Drop Box” the on access file synchronization application. The second one is “Sky Drive”, the free storage space in cloud from none other than “Microsoft” and the third one is “SugarSync” the on access excellent file synchronization software but it is not free. Now, you can have 35 GB of “Samsung Link” cloud storage plus 51 GB and counting of “Drop Box” storage and 2 GB of “Sky Drive” storage and in addition to it, you will have 25 GB of “Google Drive” storage in the cloud. All these storages are free to use, and now you can save a whole lot of multimedia files in these cloud storage places.
From register storage, “sign in” to relevant account with “user name” and “pass word” and all the storages are registered at “Samsung Link”. With “Samsung Link” you have now all the cloud services such as “Drop Box”, “Sky Drive”, and “Google Drive” all at one dashboard. Now, with yours Wi FI enabled you can access all these cloud stuffs in any of yours devices and modify and update all these with ease. In this way you have made cloud computing as yours own silver lining. All of yours data are now in cloud server, such as “Samsung Link” and it stays there forever without worrying about lost CD and DVD and also storage hard drives. In the “Device & Storage” menu of “Samsung Link” you can have “Register devices” sub menu the mobiles as well as personal computer linked to “Samsung Link” is visible. In the “Registered storage” you will have all the cloud storages informations such as “Dropbox” and “SkyDrive” and there storage capacities will be shown there. From “Settings” of “Samsung Link” you will find all the relevant information stored there. You can enable “Auto upload” for a seamless working of yours phone with cloud.
From “Google Drive” dash board, you will have every information available, with Google Drive for your personal computer you can synchronies everything that is in your computer with that of your “My Drive” inside internet and this can have a strong presence of your all data in cloud and all these data can be accessed from anywhere through apps, Google Drive desktop clients from any device. Documents synchronization with Google Drive is always advisable as with “Quick office” app installed from “Google Play store” in yours android device, you can modify existing documents anywhere from yours personal computer to yours smart phone. All these documents are synchronizes everywhere. In this way, proper time management, and cost is shifted from capital to operating units. With “Quick office” installed on yours android device, user can view and edit all “Microsoft word” documents inside it. “Quick office” app of android automatically connects itself with “Google Drive” and you can browse all the uploaded cloud documents there, even if you are offline. Now, with cloud computing you are reaching to the extent of collaborative management as whatever you edit and modify, all will be inside of cloud. Then the other user, who is accessing “Google Drive” from some other place, will receive the same updated file. In this way, with Wi Fi connectivity throughout yours organization, you will only have to pay as much as you use it. With this implementing costs lowered. It will shorten time to deliver the projects as no fax, or email is the necessity.
With cloud computing at its best, better management of staff resources with excellent service management to the core unit of organization. In this manner new business innovation practices are implemented with high degree of customer as well as business organization practices. The pilferage costs will be minimized due to software and hardware maintenance has been controlled and managed by third party organiasations. It will give you more logical solutions to meet customer satisfaction and customer relationship management in better way. The investment you will make today with yours cloud infrastructure will reap its benefits in future. The investment with cloud computing and servers in of one time duration, and with due course of time you will bear the cost of cloud server annually and except this all other establishment costs as well as maintenance costs will not be there. The journey to cloud computing begins from implementation of private cloud computing through intranet inside of organization. The data centers are running through online as well as offline cloud services and are always available irrespective of peak or rush hours. This augments the basic functionality of an organization with speed of data distribution and always on access data update service which is run through complete cloud in organization. In this way all the service, data compilation, costs and other offline activities are shifted to online and cloud for a comprehensive service as well as data managements all across organization.
With private cloud application is running within yours organization, all application management becomes cross platform with availability of edit and modify option all through yours organization. It gives you power to migrate and extend application functionality to different spheres of business organization. Because of cost of implementing data center reduces comprehensively, the business organization can without any such apprehension implement all those new services and applications without thinking about rapid cost factor. It reduces the risks in decision making attached with organization. This permits business organization to permit all its resources in full scale manner in order to present the differentiation of services and offers to consumers. Cloud computing virtualization also enable the organization to use data center in full capacity. Offline in house data center within the organization would take floor space of over 40,000 square meters. On the other hand cloud servers do not hold any such space. In in-hose offline data center computing, the capacity utilization of server is only two to three percentages. On the other hand, with cloud computing servers, the capacity utilization is more than 80 percentages of server capacity.
Cloud service can now be installed in-house or can be hired from cloud hosting companies. The private cloud hosting hiring from third party vendors costs according to direct use and CPU cycles. On the other hand in-house cloud computing and networked through Wi Fi enabled device can further reduce the cost of private cloud servers to 60 percentages. Slowly, the resources that are used within cloud computing has been turning into the category such as natural gas and petroleum products. All these spaces are now carefully auctioned and have been taken over by big cloud server hosting companies which are offering public, private as well as home networks at stable and competitive prices. Apart from cost advantage and disaster management within cloud computing resources, offering of common platform to all data center users is a significant way forward. It reduces travel costs, internet costs, telephone and fax costs and all the other forms of costs which can have humongous expenditure in case the business ventures deals with many consumers and customers simultaneously. With the addition of common application third parties can add values and add services and other related actions without any such delays. With this productivity rises and this led to more and more space for innovation and other forms of significant business advantages. With the advent of cloud computing, all the data centers works irrespective of operating systems as the cloud servers can give access to any such operating system, be it smart phones, Windows, Macintosh or Linux variants. Cloud computing does not depend upon virtual machines internal operating systems. It gives application accessibility to all those client servers and modifies their access according to their needs and compatibility.

Sources & Refferences:

[1] https[:][//]searchcloudcomputing[.]techtarget[.]com[/]definition[/]cloud-computing

[2] https[:][//]www[.]cisco[.]com[/]c[/]en[/]us[/]about[/]press[/]internet-protocol-journal[/]back-issues[/]table-contents-45[/]123-cloud1[.]html

[3] https[:][//]www[.]dezyre[.]com[/]article[/]cloud-computing-vs-distributed-computing[/]94

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