NASA is looking into experimenting nanotech that will convert plant and human waste into fuel for long-distance space programmes.
Biotech firms all over the world making efforts is to find a cheap, bio-degradable substitute for plastic.
Enzymes create the “stonewashed” look in jeans, originally done by pumice stones. Ethanol can be used as a substitute for petrol – a composition of 85 per cent ethanol and 15 per cent of petrol, with minuscule engine modification.
Bioremediation: Any area that has been polluted beyond human/animal in habitability, bioremediation is the process of reclaiming these areas and making habitability for human/animal again.
Biofuels: Oil derived from the Jatropha plant’s seed, by smashing its seed, then mixing with alcohol to make biodiesel – a substitute to diesel.
Fungi create the lactase enzyme that can remove lignin from the wood, as it is a necessity for converting wood to paper.
Petroleum is used to create normal plastics. Bio-plastics, use starch as the raw material. Starch can be found from plants such as potato, corn, etc.
Polylactic acid (PLA) is a bioplastic material. Enzymes are chemicals that are naturally generated by living beings to breakdown food.
Potatoes contain vaccines against hepatitis virus. Rice rich in vitamins, iron omega 3 fatty acids.