The perceived thinking’s about the development of nanotechnology one could anticipate that it should have been a phenomenon of modern times and inventions. It is not so. Traces of using the phenomenon associated with nanotechnology begin from the times before Christ. There are many forms of archaeological examples from the serious excavations done around the world to show these are not the phenomenon of modern times. As it continues to exist during the ancient times. The Lycurgus Cup from the excavations of Roman sites which are now well preserved with British Museum in London. It is the glorious example of how well nanotechnology has compounded in ancient times too. It is a case in dichroic glass.
Lycurgus Cup of dichroic glass:
Dichroic glass is a form of crystal that can exhibit two different colors when viewed from two different angles to the same object. This pleochroism of seeing two different colors of the object when it is being seen from two different directions goes on to show how such an amazing presentations of articles could provide the most fantastic achievements of such a wonder object when it is being seen from different angles. Lycurgus Cup excavated from ancient Roman sites goes on to show how such the presence of nanotechnology has their existence even in ancient times.
After discovering of this glass, then begins the research with the use of microscopes through transmission of electron microscopy methods, which reveals more to it and presents one of most glaring example how such perfect mixture of properties between solutions and fine suspension makes the perfection of colloidal of gold and silver inside the Lycurgus Cup goes on to show case and present the opaque green cup into the glowing red while transmission of light through the procession of diffusion. Generally the cup should have been an opaque substance, which does not emit lights or does not prone to any such radiation and generally impracticable towards luminosity. Here, the light not only enters into this solid cup but also spread widely through excellent movement of sunlight in and our inside those areas.
The most amazing pattern of such nano cup is that light not only enters into this solid substance but also spread into it and diffuse it in clear cut manner so as to present one of most outstanding presentation of complete nano cup which behaves exactly opposite to that of what the normal solid matter acts and performs. Scientists are not only amazed but bewildered in seeing such development of nanotechnology enabled materials but also they feel that though it should have been constructed all by accident but even in such case this invention is of high substances and must have been a surprising part of understanding that even in ancient times a well to do and well informed mind without even presence of such high technology assistances can create such amazing objects just like, the Lyurgus cup. Roman Period is usually considered as the time between 30BC-649AD.
Stained glass windows in European cathedrals during medieval periods:
In the Medieval Age which just seems like that there are many glass artists who also have presented many signs of nano technologies, with vibrant glass materials which do have a presentation and looking at some of the most outstanding works related to nanotechnologies. The bright and striking stained glass which is other wise called as vibrant stained glass windows, in some of large and important Churches of Europe have such vibrant stained glass windows. These glasses are marked, dyed and discolored with foreign matters so as to prevent the presence of nano technologies during medieval times. The modulated stained glass windows. Is embedded with rich colors and in addition to it the presence of nanoparticles consists of gold chloride and other metal oxides and chlorides. Gold chloride consists of a compounded atom which has predominant presence of gold in addition to it there are chloride atom such as hydrochloric acid which does have chloride ion to make the compounded chemical substance which is formed in combinations of two substances mostly from the chemical union of two or more elements or ingredient in properly anticipated and definitive proportions of weight.
In addition to it, there is the presence of metal oxides into it. Metal consists of several shiny solids elements that can move and forward heat and electricity as well as can create and manage forms of the diffusion of light and heat into a solid substance. The aim of inserting gold chloride and metal oxides into it is to make the normal behaviour of solid substance works in different manners, such as allowing light to enter and trespass into it. During medieval periods of two or more such metallic components used to be molten and diffused together so as to present one component partnership. The forms of ruby metal which look like the shades of red color due to the presence of gold nanoparticles as well as a combination of silver nanoparticles which makes the entire metallic combine into some form of deep yellow look.
Generally when particles of gold are so smaller that it is such a tiny particle which is smaller than 100nm. During medieval experts glass makers do make it by doing specific molten processes. Due to additions of silver nanoparticles with gold nanoparticles the color representation of vibrant stained glass converted into deeper yellow which resembles just like the ruby red due to diffusion of lighting elements into vibrant stained glass color. It is the tiniest size which can be called as nanoparticles which can produced the excellent color variations and it is being known by ancient and medieval people and these phenomenon is being agreeable by modern scientific communities and it goes on to show, how such reverse proportions of changes of properties of elements of substances which entirely converts the specific changes into material properties due to the presence of nanoscale substances and this makes entire properties conversions an interesting observation to watch out for.
The power of such nanoparticles is so strong enough and researches also shows this. It has shown that, nanoparticles of gold, can destroy waste matters that are embedded into air pollutions that especially contains the contaminated water, air, soil etc, due to varieties of reasons, can be removed completely by applying nano-scale gold materials. Generally. When nanoparticles are being activated by sunshine or sunshine is being diffused within it then it can destroy air-borne pollutants and can clear the entire pollutions and make it completely clear and fresh air. Gold nano-scale can destroy methanol, which is very light and flammable poisonous liquid alcohol and generally due to advent of modern day living styles such presence of volatile flammable poisonous liquid alcohol is used as the solvents to antifreeze and that is why it slowly embedded into air to pollute it completely. That is why it seems obvious that when there is presence of stained glass windows inside cathedrals in Europe this seems to suggest that even during those times the people who have constructed such structures have their ideas that such nano structures made of gold and silver compounded nano particles does clear pollutants from the air and make air fresh and absolute light to breath in.
In medieval Iraq, the appearance of Abbasid potters is generally considered as the cutest form of decorative materials. They used to create such the presentable lusterware which are considered as the metallic sheen which is being produced by the addition of metallic oxides till the stage of glaze. Glaze means still the stage it becomes similar in appearance just like that of glass looks like. It is the form and factors of nicer decorative techniques which use perfection in blending of lead-based glaze, and it is being molten till the look like the same as that of nano. Lead is a soft but heavier toxic malleable metallic element and that is why making of nanoparticles from this it is easier that earlier what it is perceived of. It looks like a mysterious combination of alchemy of materials in a way to justify and bring forward the pseudoscientific founder and generally perceived to be taken in a well defined manner during the advent of medieval times. The Abbasid pottery is being constructed from the silver and copper or other nanoparticles which look like similar to gold when lights diffused within these materials substances. Silver is the soft white precious material, and it is perceived that is his highest level of electrical and thermal conductivity that any other metallic substance. Generally it is found inside in free form within argentite and generally utilized for various purposes. That is why its metallic form in terms of nano-scale can pass through conduction of lights as well as can store thermal heat which can laminate the pottery in this case the abased pottery in brightest form even if generally the solid substance are averse to light and thermal difficulties. The other alloy in this alchemy of chemical composition is used or may be used inside Abbasid pottery is that of copper. It is generally used as electrical and thermal conductor and this means it can conduct electricity and heat with ease and that means all these substances when it is been used inside of pottery it enable it to pass light when it is open to light so as to present the form and factor of dual visualizations so as to present the most anticipated form of delusional representations.
Renaissance Period (1450AD-1600AD)
Renaissance period is inside of European History, and it appears at the end of Middle Ages and it shows the uplifting of newer and innovative thoughts processes and it aims to carry forward the modern world and a perfection of cultural rebirth and generally considered to be from the 14th to the middle of 17th centuries. It is the period of perfection of learning and culture and generally it is thought smarter revival of learning and education. Like earlier mentioned Abbasian pottery which used nanoparticles of silver and copper in its alchemy state to collide to form these wonderful pottery. Similarly, artists from Derula, Umbria also show similar and some improved form of such metallic pottery. Umbria is a mountainous region of central Italy. It has its own history and it has its own form of Italic languages which is so much ancient but now, that Umbria form of Italic language is dead and gone.
Derula artisan creates pottery from the form factors of ceramic materials. Ceramic is a man made object taken as a whole and it is considered as an observational error from the scientific community as the process of ceramic material is entirely different from what it is usually perceived to be. Similarly, these materials use the low-resolution material which is hard but can be brittle, and it is produced from nonmetallic minerals and it is being done through the process of firing of these materials when the construed temperature is on higher side. Derula ceramicists constructed the metallic glaze materials from these ceramic pottery and makes it looks like that of glasses and by applying high temperature they create the varying colors when these pottery are seen with the sun light. It is these forms of iridescent which looks like lustrous rainbow colors and presents some of the most hovered and changeable chatoyant with pearlescent presentation of nano technologies.
Ceramic substances generally scattered lights when the lights passed on to it due to its metallic construction which runs down in high temperatures. The Derula ceramicists have created the ceramic in such a manner by adding some alchemy of different materials so that, light does not diffuse from it but the light got bounced from it of it surface and that too at different wave-lengths, where the distance of direction of propagation of two points of external entities in this case is that of light remains the same in the similar phase and through it the most possible and consecutive phases of consecutive cycles of wave surfaces to produce the most lightning metallic effects.
Damascus saber blade is made of in combinations of nanotubes and nanowires. Damascus is currently in Syria, and its civilisation is still considered as the ancient of the world. These saber blades consist of carbon nanotubes, which is constructed in the form of a fullerene molecule having a cylindrical or steroidal shape. Fullerene molecule is in the form of carbon having a large molecule making up of an empty cage of 60 or more carbon atoms. Carbon generally occurs in three allotropic forms such as amorphous carbon. Graphite and diamond and all occur in the form and factor of organic compounds. Within these forms, the additions of cementite which is being constructed from the chemical composition of elementary composition of constituents of steel and cast iron to produce one of the most stronger ironic elements. When such form of nanowires is being entangled into carbonated nanotubes it constructs the presentation of ultra high carbon formulation which is the stronger form and suitable for fencing sword which has curved handle so as to present the higher might but with distributable weight. This is generally considered as the cavalry sword with strongest might. Due to presence of nanotube and nanowires and addition of higher form of carbon the strong factor which provides in its edges has been phenomenal and while it is reflected with sun the light pattern just makes it mostly invisible while countering sword fight one to one with enemies.
Its surface patterns show the most visible silk patterns curve with its watered silk presentations so as to present the user with a strong might. But these damages saber blades are mostly famous for its nanotechnology which bounces lights. In this right up the authors try to find out the traces of nanotechnologies which is being predominantly in use from the ancient times till to renaissance era and in the future we should be looking more and more at huge leaps modern science has been taken to reach towards unlocking some of most potential and futuristic discoveries of ours time which can enable us to understand and find out unlocking different forms of human mysteries that are being constantly overshadowed with times to find out more and more forms and factors that can lead to attempt to reach to newer horizons of ultimate truth involving natural presence.