Enrichment of OB knowledge through Research

Contributed by MK



Managers often wish-

• Control over work situation

• Able to understand, explain and predict the several occurrences at the workplace

• To handle events happening in the environment.

Managers are primarily interested in two things-

• Improving the performance of employees

• Retaining them in the job

Organizational researchers help managers through their scientific research findings on several aspects .They investigate the relationships among the various factors in the situation including-

• Manager’s own style and interaction patterns

• How these influence employees’ action and behavior.

Research Terminologies

Research – an organized, systematic, data-based, critical, objective, scientific investigation of a specific problem which is done for the purpose of getting a solution.

Variable – anything that can take on differing or varying values.

Dependent Variable (DV) – the variable which is being investigated.

Independent variable (IV) – the variable that influences the dependent variable. With each unit of increase in the independent variable, there would be an increase or decrease in the dependent variable.

Intervening Variable- surfaces between the time the independent variable starts operating to influence the dependent variable and the time its impact is felt.

Moderating Variable- the variable that as a contingent effect on the relationship between the independent and dependent variables.

Theory- it postulates the network of connection or relationships among the variables examined in a study.


• Logically conjectured relationship between two or more variables

• Lends itself to being tested through statistical analysis of the data collected.

Validity- ensures that we are actually measuring the variable that we intend to.

Reliability- indicates the extent to which the measurement of the variable is without bias and the degree of accuracy of the measurement.

Causal Studies- designed to establish cause and effect relationships among variables.

Correlational Studies- are conducted to detect the influence of one or more variables on the dependent variable.

Manipulation of a variable- an experimental , in order to examine the causal effect of an IV on the DV, different levels of the IV are chosen to access their impact on the DV.

Controlled Variable- in order to establish a cause & effect relationship in experimental design, some contaminated variables need to be controlled exists.



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